J. Scott Marcus: Publications
Note that my published work does not necessarily represent the views of any current or former employer or client.
Scott Marcus (2016), "New network neutrality rules in Europe:
Comparisons to those in the U.S.", Colorado Technology Law
Journal, volume 14.2102, forthcoming.
Catherine Maton, Lovan Pushparatnam, J. Scott Marcus et al. (2016), "Study on migration of railway radio communication system from GSM-R to other solutions", on behalf of the European Railway Agency (ERA), forthcoming.
Scott Marcus and Georgios Petropoulos (2016), "Challenging
prospects for roam like at home", Bruegel.
Scott Marcus and Georgios Petropoulos (2016), "e-commerce in
Europe: Parcel delivery prices in a Digital Single Market",
Scott Marcus, Christin Gries, Christian Wernick, and Imme
Philbeck (2016), "Developments in international mobile roaming
with a special focus on structural solutions", WIK discussion
paper 403 (full text only in German), at http://www.wik.org/index.php?id=diskussionsbeitraegedetails&L=1&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=93&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=1789&cHash=a79eb04afeb5ec70f699dea624c38432.
Godlovitch, J. Scott Marcus, Bas Kotterink, Pieter Nooren et
al. (2015), “Over-the-Top (OTT) players: Market dynamics and
policy challenges”, study for the IMCO Committee of the
European Parliament, at http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/569979/IPOL_STU(2015)569979_EN.pdf.
C.G. Arnold, J. Scott Marcus, Martin Waldburger, Dr. Anna
Schneider, Bastian Morasch, and Frieder Schmid (2015), "All
But Neutral: Citizen Responses to the European Commission’s
Public Consultation on Network Neutrality", in Belli, L. &
Filippi, Primavera De (Eds.): Net Neutrality Compendium -
Human Rights, Free Competition and the Future of the
Scott Marcus and Richard Shockey (2015), "Review of Resource
Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) to verify ownership and
authenticity of telephone caller ID over Voice over Internet
Protocol", a study for Ofcom, the UK NRA, at:
Tseveen Gantumur (2015), Economic Implications of Further
Harmonisation of Electronic Communications Regulation in the
EU (June 29, 2015), available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2624617.
Martin Waldburger (2015), Identifying Harm to the Best Efforts
Internet (June 29, 2015), available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2624604.
Frédéric Pujol (2015), “Evolution of GSM-R”, a study on behalf
of the European Railway Agency, available at: http://www.era.europa.eu/Document-Register/Pages/Study-for-the-evolution-of-GSM-R-%28by-IDATE-WIK%29.aspx.
Christin-Isabel Gries and Robert Clarke (2015), Consultation
and Report on “International Mobile Roaming (IMR) across the
Gulf Corporation Council (GCC) Region” prepared for the Gulf
Corporation Council (GCC) Roaming Working Group. Report
available at http://www.cra.gov.qa/sites/default/files/Final%20Consultation%20Report%20%20-%20International%20Mobile%20Roaming%20%28IMR%29%2020150621.pdf.
Scott Marcus (2014), "Network Neutrality Revisited: Challenges
and Responses in the EU and in the US", a study on behalf of
the European Parliament's IMCO Committee,
IP/A/IMCO/2014-02, PE 518.751, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2014/518751/IPOL_STU%282014%29518751_EN.pdf.
Scott Marcus (2014), "The economic impact of Internet traffic
growth on network operators", available on SSRN at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2531782.
Francesco Caio and Gérard Pogorel (the assistance of Vittorio
Trecordi and Valerio Zingarelli) (2014), "Achieving the
Objectives of the Digital Agenda for Europe (DAE) in Italy:
Prospects and Challenges", a study on behalf of Prime Minister
Enrico Letta, available at: http://www.governo.it/backoffice/allegati/74621-9208.pdf.
Dieter Elixmann (2014), “Build it! ... but what if they don't
come?” in info, special issue: A digital agenda in
search of evidence, Vol. 16 Iss: 1, pp.62 – 75. An earlier
working paper is available on SSRN at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2285113.
"Kleinzellen-Architekturen, Off-Loading von Datenverkehr in drahtlose Netze und EMF-Bedenken", Dezember 2013, in EMF-Spectrum, Vol. 4., 3/2013, ISSN 2190-9393, p.31-33.
With Ilsa GODLOVITCH, Pieter NOOREN, Bram VAN DEN ENDE, Jonathan CAVE and Werner NEU: “How to Build a Ubiquitous EU Digital Society”, November 2013, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/etudes/join/2013/518736/IPOL-ITRE_ET(2013)518736_EN.pdf.
Scott Marcus (2013), “The need for PPDR Broadband Spectrum”,
study on behalf of TCCA, October 2013, available at:
With Ilsa Godlovitch, Pieter Nooren, Dieter Eilxmann and Bram van den Ende with the support of Prof Jonathan Cave: "Entertainment x.0 to boost Broadband Deployment", study on behalf of the European Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy; October 2013, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/imco/studies.html#menuzone.
Anne Fleur van Veenstra, Jonathan Cave, Noor Huijboom, Dieter
Elixmann, Annette Hillebrand, Rebecca Schindler and Veronica
Horvath: “Ubiquitous Developments of the Digital Single
Market”, study on behalf of the European Parliament's
Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection, October
2013, available at:
Christin-Isabel Gries, and Imme Philbeck (2013), "Structural
Solutions and the Evolution of International Mobile Roaming
(IMR) in Europe: Where are We Headed?", available on SSRN at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2342637.
Burns, J. (2013), Impact of traffic off-loading and related
technological trends on the demand for wireless broadband
spectrum; study for the European Commission, see http://bookshop.europa.eu/en/study-on-impact-of-traffic-off-loading-and-related-technological-trends-on-the-demand-for-wireless-broadband-spectrum-pbKK0113239/
Gérard Pogorel and Frédérick Pujol, (ed.): Introduction to
“The radio spectrum: A shift in paradigms?”, Communications
& Strategies No. 90/2nd quarter 2013.
Federico Kuhlmann, "Broadband Plans in Latin America: Common
Challenges, Diverse Solutions: Comparison of Mexico and Costa
Rica" (13 May 2013). Available on SSRN at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2285128.
Scott Marcus (2012), “Revising the ITRs: A European policy
perspective”, 30 September 2012.
Dieter Elixmann: "Re-thinking the Digital Agenda for Europe
(DAE): A richer choice of technologies", report on behalf of
Liberty Global, September 2012, available at:
John Burns, Frédéric Pujol and Phillipa Marks: “Inventory and
review of spectrum use: Assessment of the EU potential for
improving spectrum efficiency”, report on behalf of the
European Commission, September 2012, available at:
Pieter Nooren and Imme Philbeck: “State of the Art - Mobile
Internet Connectivity and its Impact on e-Commerce, report for
the European Parliament's Committee on Internal Market and
Consumer Protection, July 2012, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/de/studiesdownload.html?languageDocument=EN&file=75195
Imme Philbeck, Jasper Mikkelsen, and Werner Neu, “Trans-Tasman
Roaming: Service Costs”, a study for the Australian Department
of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy and the
New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment
(MBIE), 30 May 2012, available at:
Scott Marcus (2012), “Structured Legislation – Toward the
Synthesis of Better Law and Regulation of Electronic
Communications”. In Legisprudence, international
journal for the study of legislation, Vol. 6, No 1, 2012, p
Carter and J. Scott Marcus (2012), "Improving the
Effectiveness and Efficiency of Spectrum Use by the Public
Sector: Lessons from Europe", available on SSRN at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1999848.
Prof. Rekha Jain (2012): “Fast Broadband Deployment in India –
What role for cable television?”, presented at ITS Regional
Conference in New Delhi, February 2012.
Scott Marcus (2011), “Network Operators and Content Providers:
Who Bears the Cost?” (September 13, 2011). Available on
http://ssrn.com/abstract=1926768 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1926768.
Stephen Adshead, Phillipa Marks, Gilles Fontaine, Kenneth R.
Carter, James Kahan and Andra Leurdijk (30 May 2011): “Impact
Assessment integrating ex ante evaluation requirements in view
of the preparation of a proposal for the next MEDIA Programme
after 2013”, Report for the European Commission.
John Burns, Val Jervis, Reinhard Wählen, Kenneth R. Carter,
Imme Philbeck and Prof. Dr. Peter Vary (2010): “PPDR Spectrum
Harmonisation in Germany, Europe and Globally”, December 2010,
Imme Philbeck (2010), “Study on the Options for addressing
Competition Problems in the EU Roaming Market”, SMART
2010/0018, at: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/cf/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=1491.
U.S. National Broadband Plan: a European perspective", in Monitoring
EU Telecoms Policy, NEREC, October 2010, available at:
Rendon Schneir, "Drivers and Effects of the Size and
Composition of Telecoms Regulatory Agencies", presented at ITS
Europe, Copenhagen, September 2010, available at:
for U.S. Telecommunications Regulation? The Comcast decision
and the 'Third Way'", presented at ITS Europe, Copenhagen,
September 2010, available at:
Growitsch and Christian Wernick, "The Effects of Lower Mobile
Termination Rates (MTRs) on Retail Price and Demand", a
research project for the German BNetzA, available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1586464.
Elixmann and Christian Wernick, "Next Generation Networks
(NGNs)", a report for the ITRE Committee of the European
Parliament, available at:
Bleisch, "International Experience with Vertical Separation in
Telecommunications – The Case of New Zealand", ITS, Bahrain,
2009, available at:
Ingo Vogelsang, Juan Rendon, Werner Neu, Dieter Elixmann,
Francisco Fuentes, Christian Wernick, Thomas Plückebaum, Klaus
Hackbarth, "Interconnection in Next Generation Networks
(NGNs)", a study for the Peruvian regulator OSIPTEL, August,
2009, available in English and Spanish at:
John Burns, Phillipa Marks, Frédéric Pujol, and senior expert
Prof. Martin Cave, Optimising
the Public Sector’s Use of the Radio Spectrum in the
Executive Summary: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/ecomm/radio_spectrum/_document_storage/studies/digital_dividend_2009/dd_finalreport_executivesummary.pdf
R. Carter, "Improving the Effectiveness and Efficiency of
Spectrum Use by the Public Sector: Lessons from Europe", TPRC,
2009, available at:
Wernick, "Separation of Telstra: Economic considerations,
international experience", WIK, 2June 2009, a study for the
Australian Competitive Carriers' Coalition, available at:
Elixmann, Antonio Portilla Figueras, Klaus Hackbarth, Péter
Nagy, Zoltán Pápai, and Mark Scanlan, The Regulation of Next
Generation Networks (NGN), 10 May 2007, a study for
the Hungarian NHH, available at: http://www.nhh.hu/dokumentum.php?cid=15910.
Interconnection: The Debate in Europe", Communications & Strategies,
No. 72, p. 17, 4th Quarter 2008, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1373706.
Dieter Elixmann, Christian Wernick, and the support of Cullen
Regulation of Voice over IP (VoIP) in Europe, a study
prepared for the European Commission, 19 March 2008, available
: « des réformes indiscutables, mais... »”, in La Lettre de l'Autorité (newsletter
of the French ARCEP), Number 60, March-April 2008, at http://www.arcep.fr/uploads/tx_gspublication/lettre60.pdf.
Available in English courtesy of the ARCEP as “The European
Regulatory Framework: An International Perspective on the
Review”, at http://www.mynetcologne.de/%7Enc-marcusjs/ARCEP_Euro_Reg_Framework.pdf.
Elixmann, Kenneth R. Carter, and senior experts Scott Bradner,
Klaus Hackbarth, Bruno Jullien, Gabriele Kulenkampff,
Karl-Heinz Neumann, Antonio Portilla, Patrick Rey, and Ingo
Vogelsang, The Future of IP
Interconnection: Technical, Economic, and Public Policy
Aspects, March 2008, a study prepared for the
European Commission, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/ecomm/doc/library/ext_studies/future_ip_intercon/ip_intercon_study_final.pdf.
Cave, Kenneth R. Carter, Dieter Elixmann, and Stephen
Simmons, Tuning the Innovation System: Final Report (D4) of
the Study of the Impacts of IST-RTD on Key Strategic
Related to Growth and Jobs, a study prepared for the European Commission by RAND Europe and WIK-Consult GmbH, 27 February 2008, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/information_society/evaluation/data/pdf/studies/s2006_04/final_report.pdf.
Dieter Elixmann, “Regulatory Approaches to Next Generation
Networks (NGNs): An International Comparison”, Communications and Strategies
number 69, first quarter 2008, available at:
http://ssrn.com/abstract=1136048. Preliminary versions are available on the web sites of TPRC 2007, and of the Center for Communication Law & Policy (CCLP) at USC, at http://web.si.umich.edu/tprc/papers/2007/800/Regulatory%20Approaches%20to%20NGNs%20v1.2%20FINAL.pdf and http://cclp.usc.edu/assets/docs/RegulatoryApproachestoNGNs_AnInternationalComparison.pdf, respectively.
Robinson, Joel Reidenberg, Yves Poullet, Adam Peake, Kenneth
Carter, , Lisa Klautzer, Chris Marsden, Florence De
Villenfagne, Franck Dumortier, Camilla Abder, Cedric Burton,
Lisa Cooms, Ezra Kover, Keisuke Kamimura, and Tazuko Tanaka, Comparison of Privacy and Trust
Policies in the Area of Electronic Communications, a
study prepared for the European Commission, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/ecomm/doc/library/ext_studies/privacy_trust_policies/final_report_20_07_07_pdf.pdf
“Interconnection an an IP-based NGN environment”, a chapter in ITU’s Global Trends 2007, presented at the ITU Global Symposium for Regulators, Dubai, 6 Feb 2007, available at: http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg/Events/Seminars/GSR/GSR07/discussion_papers/JScott_Marcus_Interconnection_IP-based.pdf.
With Peter Stamm, “Kabelinternet in
Deutschland” (German only), a study of the causes of slow
deployment and adoption of broadband Internet access over
cable undertaken on behalf of the Deutscher Kabelverband, 24 November 2006,
available at: http://www.deutscherkabelverband.de/web/cms/upload/pdf/06-12-14_Studie_Kabelinternet_in_Deutschland.pdf.
With John Burns, Paul
Hansen, Michael Marcus, Phillipa Marks, Frédéric Pujol, and Mark Redman, "Study on Legal,
Economic, & Technical Aspects of 'Collective Use' of
Spectrum in the European Community", a study on behalf of
the European Commission, November 2006, available at: http://europa.eu.int/information_society/policy/radio_spectrum/docs/workshop_collective_use/cus_rep_fin.pdf.
“Voice over IP (VoIP)
and Access to Emergency Services: A Comparison between the
U.S. and the UK”, IEEE
Communications Magazine, August 2006, available at
“Beyond Layers”, May 2006, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=901477.
"WIK Workshop on 'Bill
and Keep' Interconnection Arrangements", a summary of WIK's
ground-breaking April 2006 workshop, in WIK's newsletter
number 63, April 2006, pages 11-15, available in English
The presentations from the workshop are available at:
Interconnection of IP-Based Networks -- Accounting Systems
and Interconnection Regimes in the USA and the UK", a
background paper prepared for the German Federal Network
a Framework for Interconnection of IP-Based Networks,
27 March 2006, available at:
“Interconnection in an
NGN Environment”, a background paper commissioned for the ITU
New Initiatives Programme workshop on “What rules for
IP-enabled Next Generation Networks?” held on 23-24 March
2006 at ITU Headquarters, Geneva. Available at: http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/ngn/documents/Papers/Marcus-060323-Fin-v2.1.pdf.
Also available as WIK
Discussion Paper 274
UNREDACTED declaration as an expert witness in Hepting et. al. versus AT&T Corp. ("EFF's Class-Action Lawsuit Against AT&T for Collaboration with Illegal Domestic Spying Program"), available at: http://www.eff.org/files/filenode/att/SER_marcus_decl.pdf.
With Lorenz Nett, Mark
Scanlan, Ulrich Stumpf, Martin Cave and Gerard Pogorel, Towards More Flexible Spectrum
Regulation, a WIK study for the German BNetzA.
Available at: http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de/media/archive/4745.pdf.
available in German. The ITU published a condensed version
under the title Towards More
Flexible Spectrum Regulation and its relevance for the
German market for their workshop on "The Regulatory
Environment for Future Mobile Multimedia Services", Mainz,
Germany, June 22-23 2006, available at: http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/ni/multimobile/papers/MMS_flexiblespectrumstudy_060606.pdf.
"Conference Notes: NGN and Emerging Markets - Investment, Infrastructure and Innovation", notes from a BNetzA-sponsored workshop that took place on 5 December 2005 in Königswinter, Germany. Report completed February 2006. Available at: http://www.bundesnetzagentur.de/media/archive/5439.pdf.
“Is the U.S. Dancing
to a Different Drummer?”, Communications & Strategies,
no. 60, 4th quarter 2005. Available at: http://www.idate.fr/fic/revue_telech/132/CS60%20MARCUS.pdf.
Also available in intermedia
(the journal of the International
Institute of Communications), vol. 34, no.3,
With Justus Haucap, “Why Regulate? Lessons from New Zealand”, IEEE Communications Magazine, November 2005, available at: http://www.comsoc.org/ci1/Public/2005/nov/ (click on "Regulatory and Policy").
With Douglas C. Sicker, “Layers Revisited”, presented at TPRC, September 2005, available at: http://web.si.umich.edu/tprc/papers/2005/492/Layers%20Revisited%20v0.4.pdf.
Legislation”, an exploration of how to
construct telecommunications law and regulation more
accurately by employing the principles of software
engineering. A preliminary version is available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1587464.
“Broadband Adoption in
Communications Magazine, April 2005, see:
“The Challenge of
Telephone Call Termination Fees”, Enterprise Europe,
January 2005. Available at:
in a Changing World”, IEEE Communications Magazine,
January 2005, see:
“Call Termination Fees: The U.S. in global perspective”, presented at the 4th ZEW Conference on the Economics of Information and Communication Technologies, Mannheim, Germany, July 2004. Available at: ftp://ftp.zew.de/pub/zew-docs/div/IKT04/Paper_Marcus_Parallel_Session.pdf.
Capabilities of the Internet”, Journal on
Telecommunications and High Technology Law, 2004,
Commission (FCC) Office of Strategic Planning and Policy
Analysis (OSP) Working Paper 36, “The Potential Relevance to
With Jean-Jacques Laffont, Patrick Rey, and Jean Tirole,
Designing Wide Area Networks and Internetworks: A Practical Guide, Addison Wesley, 1999.
“Internet Hardware and Software”, Proc. IEEE Electro ’96, 1996.
“Icaros, Alice, and the OSF DME”, Proc. of ISINM ‘95. An earlier version appeared in Proc. Fifth IFIP International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management (DSOM ‘94), October 1994.
“OSI Network Integration:Seamless, or Seamy?”, Proc. of the International Space Year (ISY) Conference on Earth and Space Science Information Systems (ESSIS), February 1992.
With Lent, R., “An Implementation Architecture for UNIX™ STREAMS-Based Communications Software”, Nixdorf technical report.
“Why an SNA PU 5?”, Nixdorf technical report.
“KNET:A TCP/IP for the IBM/370”, Proc. IEEE Infocom ‘87, March 1987.
With Mower, J., and White, C., “Designing an Ethernet Interface for the System/370”, Proc. IEEE CompCon, September 1982.
With Mower, J., Malnati, P., and White, C., “System/370 Ethernet Interface Architecture”, Spartacus Technical Report 820601, June 1982.
“Performance Analysis of Local Area Networks”, Proc. SHARE 60, 1982.
“Analysis of DASD Performance”, Proc. SHARE 57, 1980.